"Carbon trading is very important, but the domestic overall is still in an attempt stage." Dr. Liu Qiang, the deputy director of the CDM (clean development mechanism) management center of the national development and Reform Commission, held the 23 speech at the "energy saving and low carbon" lecture held in World Expo UK Pavilion.
Liu Qiang said that in addition to the development of CDM (clean development mechanism) market, China is still in an attempt stage of carbon trading, and most of them hope to find some favorable carbon trading modes for China's development and emission reduction through some pilot projects. Carbon trading should be responded with a positive and cautious attitude.
In early August, the national development and Reform Commission had just announced "five provinces and eight cities" as a pilot of low carbon provinces and low carbon cities. Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai have also set up exchanges to carry out experiments on trade in energy saving and emission reduction.
In Liu Qiang's view, puts forward the goal of domestic carbon intensity while providing a good platform for policy signals and carbon trading, but from the real implementation of carbon trading and there are many issues to be discussed, involving mechanism, mechanism, participation pattern, distribution, datum line and other aspects need to be solved by the pilot.
In addition, Liu Qiang pointed out that China's carbon intensity goal is a voluntary goal, and has nothing to do with international commitments, and does not require the international MRV (measurable, reportable and certified). Under such circumstances, we need to consider the relationship between the future domestic carbon market and the international carbon market, and the role of different institutions.
In Europe, carbon trading has been a certain development, its experience has a reference to China's energy conservation and emission reduction.
The Carbon Trust in China director Lan Tianmu on the day of the lecture introduces some of the specific practices of the EU carbon trading system at present: users of energy (accounted for 40% of greenhouse gas emissions) must be measured and reported carbon emissions; if an enterprise produces more carbon emissions, so the enterprise must to lower emissions of enterprises buy permits; in addition, the highest emission limit will be reduced periodically.
Through the comparison of carbon tax and carbon trading, the blue sky believes that carbon trading can achieve the goal of saving by changing the price, and it is easier to reach agreement. But there is also a debate about whether the emissions permit is distributable and the bottom line is fair.